Our law firm would like share some of our attorney’s views on Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution. California created this special day, held every January 30, posthumously for Fred T. Korematsu. It is also celebrated in Hawaii and a number of other states. The Day commemorates Fred Korematsu’s birthday and his contributions as a Japanese American civil rights activist. It recognizes his contributions in fighting the injustice of Japanese interment during World War II, but in general recognizing civil liberties under the U.S. Constitution.
Manzanar War Relocation Center, California was the internment camp for Japanese Americans during World War 2.
Background and Context
In Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (1944), the Supreme Court sided with the U.S. government in upholding Executive Order 9066. An order that forced Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II regardless of citizenship. The Korematsu case decision showed how deeply ingrained racism was and still is in our government and society. Racial profiling and the stripping of citizens of their civil liberties is not gone from the American experience. This conversation is still going on as we can see in today’s politics and news.
For example, author Lily Rothman poignantly observes in her Time’s article that knowing the history of Japanese internment matters a great deal. While the internment of Japanese Americans took place nearly 80 years ago, the themes of racial exclusion and stigma still linger today.
Therefore, we feel as attorneys to share some of our personal views on this matter so you can understand us a little bit better as people and the kind of law that we practice.
This is a monument to Japanese interred at Manazar.
Words from Adam R. Chang
As an Asian American, I proudly stand with Japanese American community members who helped pave the way for broader immigration reform and who continue to oppose discriminatory immigration policies (See Trump’s travel bans, ICE raids, ICE agents arresting volunteers providing food and shelter to migrants, or “The Wall”).
Many of us were starting to see history repeat itself in the U.S. government’s treatment of Arab Americans (and those perceived as Arab) after September 11, 2001. The U.S. government painted a picture of a Muslim enemy and started a Muslim registry (the program has since ended but critics worry that the current presidency may attempt to reinstate the registry). But U.S. society struggled to differentiate between practicing Muslims, those who were raised in a Muslim family and not practicing a religion, those who were Arab and practicing a religion other than Islam, and those who “looked” Arab or “looked” Muslim. As a result, a broad net of Islamophobia and prejudice led to civil rights violations by local law enforcement, as well as the interrogation and detention of tens of thousands of immigrant families without due process at the federal level.
Changes and developments to improve the lives of immigrants and the immigration system are taking place, but only occur due to the sacrifice and struggle of many. As an immigration attorney, I strive to help clients navigate the racial bias that exists in our immigration system. Our firm strongly believes that diversity in ideas, culture, religion, and ethnicity contribute to our country’s strength and we are grateful for the work and advocacy of immigrant advocates.
Words from Ryan K. Hew
I am sure people are wondering what impact does Fred Korematsu day have to do with a business attorney. Isn’t business law all about contracts or stymieing people’s rights in transactions? I would probably respond that: (a) that nearly 90% of businesses in the U.S. are small businesses (20 workers or less); and (b) the government tramples the rights of the business owners as it did with the Japanese Americans during internment. Japanese American business owners were forced out of business and into the camps. Nowadays, many immigrant business owners fear the law or lack access to legal assistance.
None of this is new, making Fred Korematsu Day an important symbol to remember and continue his legacy. I was a history major during my undergraduate days and even prior to the events of World War II and the unjust internment of Japanese Americans I learned about the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. This was one of the first major pieces of U.S. law to restrict immigration. Similar to today’s arguments on immigration, the Act was born out of fear of Chinese workers. Fears of them causing unemployment, depressing wages, and bringing other problems due to their ethnicity. The law acted to effectively ban Chinese immigration into the United States and prevent them from becoming U.S. citizens. For me, this other dark piece of history is no different than the Japanese internment. It represents laws based on fear and bias.
Japanese Americas were forced to close their businesses and relocated to the internment camps.
My Personal History and Connection to What I Do
For me, reading about this history from as an undergraduate to a law student, did have personal relevance. My mother always told me stories of how my grandfather owned a popular shop in Chinatown Honolulu. However, unfortunately cancer took him at an early age. Soon after, my widowed grandmother was exploited due to her lack of English and inability to understand the law. Eventually she lost the business and much more due to the loss of income. To me the U.S. government forcing Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was no different. Both scenarios arose out of the lack of justice and exploitation of the law. This is why I launched my own practice, why I enjoy educating small business owners with a variety of backgrounds on their business rights, and why I do pro bono with the Business Law Corps, whose motto is lawyers for economic justice, at the Patsy T. Mink Center for Business and Leadership. The fight for civil liberties also means giving people fair chance at starting and owning their own business.
So we as a law firm would like to extend our appreciation and thanks to Fred T. Korematsu and the Fred T. Korematsu Institute for continuing his legacy. We feel the fight for individual rights, economic justice, and civil liberties continues to this very day. Fred Korematsu Day highlights the need for us to remember and educate. Thank you for reading this post.
/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/shutterstock_249572851-e1517309718183.jpg7981000Ryan K. Hew/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/hb-logo_websiteheader.pngRyan K. Hew2018-01-30 08:00:532018-01-30 00:58:49Honoring Fred Korematsu Day